What Is National Mission for Clean Ganga?
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was implemented by the National Council for the protection, rejuvenation and management of river Ganga. It is also known as the National Ganga Council. This national mission was launched on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860 as a registered society. The NMCG or the National Mission for Clean Ganga is also supported by the State level Management Groups also known as SPMGs in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. This is an initiative that was taken by the Indian Government in order to address the pollution in the river Ganga by providing technical and financial assistance.
The Namani Gange Yojana is also implemented under this mission along with the SPMGs (State Programme Management Groups) and it was implemented on 10th July 2014. It was established with a budget of around Rs. 20,000 crore as a conservation mission.
What Are The Latest Updates Of The National Mission for Clean Ganga?
The following points show the progress of the National Mission for Clean Ganga and also the latest updates associated with the same:
- The 5th India Water Impact Summit 2020 was organized for 5 days, i.e. from 10th December 2020 to 15th December 2020 (Virtually) and it aimed to emphasize the holistic management of the water bodies and rivers in the country. It also focussed on synchronizing development with the conservation of the river Ganga. The principle of Arth Ganga was laid down in the developmental strategy.
- The World Bank also contributed to this project as it approved a five-year loan to the National Mission for Clean Ganga in the second phase worth Rs 3,000 crore. This was done in the second phase of the mission and it was to help the stem pollution in the river Ganga.
- Till now, around 313 projects have been sanctioned under this mission that cost around Rs 25,000 crores.
What Are The Main Objectives Of The National Mission for Clean Ganga?
The Indian Government has organised this mission at Delhi’s Vigyan Bhavan on 12th August 2011 with a view to reducing the pollution emerging in the river Ganga and rejuvenating the same. This mission focuses on the reduction of pollution that includes diversion, interception and also the treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains. The main aim of this mission is to reduce pollution via the latest methods such as bioremediation, apt-in-situ treatment, sewage treatment plants (STPs), pioneering technology and effluent treatment plants (ETPs).
The main objectives of this mission are mentioned below:
- This mission incorporates rehabilitating and also boosting the existing sewage treatment plants and instant short term steps in order to curb pollution at the exit points on the riverfront. This will be done for checking the inflow of sewage.
- This mission aims to maintain the continuity of water flow without changing the variations occurring naturally in the season.
- To maintain and restore the surface flow and groundwater as well.
- To maintain and regenerate the natural vegetation of that area
- To conserve the aquatic biodiversity and also to regenerate the riparian biodiversity of the river Ganga basin.
- To allow the participation of the public in the process of rejuvenation, protection and management of the river Ganga.
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) FAQs
When was the National Mission for Clean Ganga launched?
This mission was launched on 12th August 2011.
Who is the head of the National Mission for Clean Ganga?
Shri Rajiv Ranjan Mishra is the head of the National Mission for Clean Ganga.
What is the main objective of the National Mission for Clean Ganga?
The main objective is to reduce pollution and also ensure the rejuvenation of the Ganga river.