SVAMITVA Scheme is a new initiative taken by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. That aims to provide rural people with the right to document their residential properties to use their property for economic purposes. Its complete form is Surveys of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas.
This scheme is made to survey the land parcels in the rural inhabited areas using Drone technology. The survey shall be conducted wisely over the period 2020-25.
Objectives of SVAMITVA Scheme
- To provide financial stability to rural Indians by using their property as a financial asset to obtain loans and other economic benefits.
- Accurate land records are needed for pastoral planning.
- Determination of property tax would either accrue directly to GPs in states where it is devolved or be added to the state exchequer.
- Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that any department can use.
- Using GIS maps, assist in the preparation of a higher-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).
- To reduce the number of property-related disputes and legal cases.
Eligibility Criteria for SVAMITVA Scheme
The eligible rural residents will be given ownership records of the property, which will prove that they own the lands. Rural residents who use populated land on or after September 25, 2018, will be assigned that specific land and eligible to obtain land ownership records. The villagers will be given ownership certificates as well as ownership records of their property. The applicant who wishes to obtain ownership of land records must have an Aadhar card and a mobile number linked to the Aadhar card.
- Property cards are distributed to the respective owners under this scheme, granting the villager’s ownership rights over their properties.
- It will aid in the reduction of property disputes in rural areas.
- It will make it easier for the villagers to obtain bank loans.
- This scheme will allow for the rapid development of the rural regions by mapping and demarcating village properties.
- It will aid the government in the effective planning of village infrastructure programmes.
- Because drone technology and satellite mapping are used to determine property, the boundaries of each parcel will be accurate.
How does SVAMITVA Scheme work?
The residential lands within the village limits will be measured and mapped using drones under this scheme. It also specifies the boundaries of each revenue block. In four years, the property cards created by state governments for each house in the village will benefit approximately 6.62 villages. The survey under this scheme will be conducted in phases over four years, from 2020 to 24. The pilot phase of this Central Sector scheme is expected to cost Rs.79.65 crores (FY 2020 -21). The eGrama Swaraj portal provides information by the panchayat. This portal keeps track of the work done in each village under the Gram Panchayat Development Plan, from the planning stage to the implementation stage.
Expected Outcome of this scheme
The scheme’s results would include updating the rights records in revenue/property registers and issuing property cards to property owners. This would allow rural residential assets to be monetized for credit and other financial services. Furthermore, this would pave the way for a clear determination of property tax, which would benefit the GPs and lead to improved civic amenities.