Which Loan Should You Prepay First? 

  • You can check the effect of prepayments on your home credit utilizing our Home Loan EMI Calculator.  
  • You as of late arrived up a robust reward. You have the monetary astuteness of not going overboard the whole reward sum on costly contraptions or a long excursion. You have reserved a huge add-up to prepay the existing obligation. However, there is an issue. You have a lodging credit, a vehicle advance, a training advance, and an individual advance. You don’t know which credit to prepay for first. For the most part, individuals race to close/prepay credit which has the most noteworthy EMI (compared to regularly scheduled payment). Home advances are probably going to have the most noteworthy EMI. Be that as it may, home credit gives related tax reductions and is probably going to be the most economical advance you have. Subsequently, it may not be a savvy thought to prepay a home credit on the premise of EMI. So, at that point, what would it be advisable for you to zero in on?  
  • In this post, we take a gander at different boundaries you should take a gander at prior to choosing which credit to prepay.  
  • Prepay The Most Expensive Loans First  
  • The essential principle is that you should prepay the advance which costs you the most for example the advance with the most noteworthy loan fee ought to be shut first. Thusly, you save money on premium expenses.  
  • The financing cost of an individual advance shifts from 14% to 18% per annum. The residency of the credit is regularly covered at 5 years. Financing costs for vehicle advances range between 10-11% p.a. what’s more, the most extreme tenor is 7 years. Financing cost for training advances changes between 10% to 18% p.a. Home advances are the least expensive and are as of now accessible at financing costs going from 9.7% to 11.5%. In the event that the financing cost was the lone measure, individual advances should be taken care of first followed by schooling credits, vehicle advances, and lodging advances.  
  • Notwithstanding, you can’t just settle on the choice based on financing costs on those credits. You should take a gander at the viable expense of the credit (because of positive assessment treatment) and any relevant punishment on conclusion or prepayment of advances.  

TAX Considerations  Loan

  • Credits, for example, home advances and instruction advances get great treatment from the Income charge division. If there should be an occurrence of home credit, for a self-involved property, head reimbursement up to Rs 1.5 lacs meets all requirements for charge derivation under Section 80C. There is an extra allowance of Rs 2 lacs on interest installment under Section 24. For a property that has been let out (rather than a self-involved property), the whole interest installment can be changed against rental pay. With these tax breaks set up, the powerful expense of a home advance (20 years) can drop to as low as 7.2% p.a. (loan cost: 10% p.a.) for an individual in the most elevated expense section.  
  •  Also, if there should be an occurrence of training advance, the whole interest paid during the year is deducted while figuring your available pay under Section 80E of the Income Tax Act. There is no most extreme cut-off on the derivation.  
  • Vehicle credits can offer tax breaks just in the event that you are independently employed. Interest paid on such credits can be changed against your available pay.  
  • Such expense motivators cut down the viable expense of the credit. The specific effect will rely upon the quantum of advance, residency, and financing cost. These assessment impetuses commonly make lodging credit the most affordable advance around.  

Prepayment Penalty  

Your advance arrangement may have a condition that expects you to take care of punishment in the event that you decide to pre-pay the advance. Drifting rate credits don’t have any prepayment punishment. Nonetheless, fixed-rate advances (counting fixed-rate home advances) may have pre-installment punishment provisions. Definite subtleties will be referenced in your credit understanding. There can be different charges, for example, preparing expenses that might be required on prepayment. Consequently, you need to think about this perspective while settling on your choice. You don’t need punishments to balance your reserve funds on interest installment.  


We have given different subjective contentions. Presently, how about we attempt to affirm everything with the assistance of a model. How about we expect you have four advances: home, schooling, vehicle, and individual advances. For effortlessness (and to try not to limit incomes), we have expected the tenor of each of the four to be 5 years. We have taken a similar prepayment measure of Rs 5 lacs and attempt to see interest reserve funds on various types of advances. We have considered the greatest tax cuts under the lodging advance.  


Home Loan 

Education Loan  Personal Loan  Car Loan   
Loan Outstanding  30,00,000  10,00,000  10,00,000  10,00,000 
Loan Tenor 
Interest Rate  10.0%  13.0%  14.0%  11.0% 
EMI (A) 


63,741  22,753  23,268  21,742 
Prepayment Penalty  –  –  1.0%  2.0% 
Prepayment Amount  5,00,000  5,00,000  5,00,000  5,00,000 
New EMI (B) 


53,118  11,377  11,634  10,871 
Difference in EMI (A-B) 


10,624  11,377  11,634  10,871 
Total EMI savings (C) 


6,37,411  6,82,592  6,98,048  6,52,273 
Tax benefits forgone through prepayment (D) 


19,185  54,778  –  – 
Prepayment Penalty (E) 


–  –  5,000  10,000 
Net cost savings through prepayment (C-D-E) 


6,18,227  6,27,815  6,93,048  6,42,273 
Order of Prepayment  4  3  1  2 

In the event that you had considered just the financing costs for examination, the request for prepayment (in light of Total EMI Savings) would have been close to home advance, schooling credit, vehicle advance lastly home advance. Notwithstanding, in the wake of considering tax cuts and prepayment punishment (Net expense investment funds through reimbursement) instruction and vehicle credits have traded places. Hence, between vehicle credit and schooling advance, you are in an ideal situation paying vehicle advance first (notwithstanding the way that vehicle advance conveys lower financing cost). Kindly note, for show purposes, we have taken the supreme estimation of tax cuts (not limited to introduce terms).  

In spite of the fact that we have talked about just four sorts of credits, there is an extra obligation that a great deal of us may not perceive as an obligation. It is the obligation on your Visa. At the point when you make installment for just the base sum due on your charge card, you need to pay interest on the excess sum. The loan cost on such obligation can be pretty much as high as 3% each month. That means 42.3% per annum. What’s more, this is only the interest. Late installment charges and administration assessment can take the powerful loan fee a lot higher. In spite of the fact that any sort of pointless obligation is awful, Visa obligation is underhanded and is carefully avoidable. In this way, take care of your Visa obligations on schedule. In the event that you are behind schedule on your Visa duty, clear your charge card levy first and afterward consider prepaying different credits.  

Prepay The Loan On A Depreciating Asset  

  • A few specialists contend that credits taken on a deteriorating resource ought to be shut first. A couple of advances, for example, one taken for a get-away abroad don’t make any resource. Vehicle advances or other vehicle advances fall under such classification. For example, if the credit remarkable on your vehicle was Rs 5 lacs and the market estimation of your vehicle is Rs 4 lacs, at that point you will not have the option to close the advance even subsequent to selling the vehicle. You should dish out some sum from your pocket.  
  • For a valuing resource (or a resource that doesn’t deteriorate rapidly) like a house, in the event of monetary pressure, you can, at any rate, arrange off the resource for close the credit (as the estimation of the house is probably going to be more prominent than remarkable advance).  

Prepay Or Invest?  

Another inquiry that gets posed to a ton is whether the abundance assets ought to be utilized to pre-pay an advance or be contributed to procure better yields. The essential account decide is that on the off chance that you can procure a return higher than the expense of your most costly advance, at that point you should contribute instead of pre-paying the credit. Nonetheless, the profits on your speculation are not ensured yet you can’t default on your advantage and head installments.  

There are venture items (like fixed stores) that offer ensured returns. However, the profits of such items will be not exactly the compelling financing cost on any of your credits (excepting a home advance). Along these lines, don’t attempt to be excessively shrewd. Prepay the advances with the overabundance reserves.  


The loan cost is the main choice boundary. In any case, you should not limit yourself to the financing cost referenced in the advanced understanding. Attempt to discover the compelling interest cost subsequent to representing tax breaks. Gauge the expense of any pre-installment punishments against potential interest reserve funds. Whenever you have done that, prepay the credit with the most elevated viable interest cost.  

Compute the effect of prepayments on your home advance utilizing our Home Loan EMI Calculator.