Skill India Mission
Skill India Mission is a government initiative that was established in 2015. It is an umbrella plan that encompasses a variety of skilling schemes and programmes. The primary goal is to provide the country’s young with appropriate skill sets that will allow them to work in relevant industries and enhance productivity. Cabral and Dhar (2019) conducted a recent systematic literature review that identified the significance of skill development. Implementing such schemes mitigates poverty, utilizes demographic dividend, socio-economic empowerment of underprivileged sectors, achieves economic growth, reduces social challenges, and promotes financial inclusion.
In terms of institutional mechanisms, the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, and Prime Minister Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) have yielded significant benefits but not the desired ones. On February 12, 2016, Oracle announced that it would develop a new 2.8 million-square-foot campus in Bengaluru, India, which will be the company’s most significant outside of its headquarters in Redwood Shores, California. In addition, Oracle Academy will extend its collaborations to 2,700 institutions in India, up from 1,800 now, to teach more than 500,000 students each year in computer science skills.
Objectives of the Skill India Mission
The Skill India Mission’s primary goal is to deliver market-relevant skills training to more than 40 crore young people by 2022.
- The mission’s goal is to provide chances and space for Indian youngsters to develop their abilities.
- It intends to improve areas that have been designated for skill development for many years and identify new sectors for skill development.
- They are closing the skill gap between what the industry requires and what people have for job creation.
- Poverty reduction in the country.
- Increasing Indian enterprises’ competitiveness.
- It is assuring that the skill training provided is both relevant and of high quality.
- Getting Indians ready to compete in the global human resources/resources market.
- To address today’s problems, existing skill development programmes must be expanded.
- They are developing genuine capabilities rather than simply awarding credentials.
- Providing chances for lifelong learning and skill development.
- Increasing the active participation of social partners and establishing a solid public-private partnership in skill development.
Features of Skill India Mission
The Skill India Mission has numerous elements that set it apart from past skill development initiatives.
- The emphasis is on enhancing the employability of the youth so that they can find work and also on fostering entrepreneurship among them.
- The mission provides training, advice, and support for all traditional occupations such as weavers, cobblers, carpenters, welders, masons, blacksmiths, nurses, etc.
- Real estate, transportation, building, gem industry, textiles, finance, jewellery design, tourism, and other sectors with insufficient skill levels will also be prioritized.
- The training provided will be of world level, allowing India’s young to find work in India and other countries where there is a need.
- The development of a new trademark, ‘Rural India Skill’, is an essential aspect.
- Customized need-based programmes in communication, life, positive thinking skills, language skills, behavioural skills, management skills, and so on would be launched for specific age groups.
- The educational technique would also be non-adventurous and creative. It would include activities like games, brainstorming sessions, group discussions, case studies, etc.
Essential Factors of Skill India Mission
According to a 2014 study, India’s officially skilled workforce is only 2%. Furthermore, there is a significant problem with employability among the country’s educated workers. Youth struggle to adapt to changing market demands and technology due to a lack of vocational or professional skills. The high unemployment rate is attributable to both a failure to find work and a lack of competency and training.
- According to a Skill Development Council (NSDC) research, there would be a demand for about 12 crores of trained personnel across 24 major industries by 2022.
- Casual employees, who make up around 90% of the labour force, are under-skilled since they do not receive appropriate training. Current vocational training programmes are insufficient to satisfy their needs.
- When it comes to vocational education, there is a social acceptability issue. Vocational courses are this has to change.
- Another impediment to skill development in India is the plethora of labour rules. However, the government has begun to simplify and standardize labour regulations. Therefore, it should be easy to practise skill improvement with simplified laws.
- Changes in technology present both a difficulty and an opportunity for the labour force. As a result, employees will need to continually improve their abilities to be competitive in the employment market.
- The existing training institutes have a problem with a lack of facilities.
- Another issue is the low quality of available trainers. As a result, students who such teachers have instructed are unemployed in the sector.
- The country’s standardization of skills is a significant concern. New methods are being developed to address this issue by establishing national standards comparable to international benchmarks.
FAQ’s – Skill India Mission
✅ What are the two primary goals of the Skill India mission?
- The Skill India program’s primary goal is to offer enough training in market-relevant skills to over 40 crore youngsters by 2022.
- It also attempts to enhance the overall scope and space for undeveloped industries by creating talent development opportunities inside the country.
✅ Why was the Skill India mission established?
Skill India is a Government of India programme that aims to provide skill sets to the country’s young to make them more employable and productive in the workplace.
✅ Who launched Skill India Mission?
Shri Narendra Modi, Prime Minister
Skill India Mission was launched in July 15 2015, by Honourable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, who seeks to teach over 40 crore people various skills in India by 2022.